Sunday, December 1, 2013

Next five years

Intro
My owling plans for the next few years.




Constantly evolving.....

Sulawesi 

19 Thu work day PDX Alaska 1815-2014 SFO United 2325
20 Fri lost to international date line
21 Sat Ar 0645 SIN Silk  0945am-1315 MDC Tangkoko w Samuel (?)
22 Sun Tangkoko w Samuel ?
23 Mon Tangkoko to MDC Lion Air 0700-0750 NAH Sangihe w Wesley ?
24 Tue NAH Lion Air 0815-0905 MDC Wings 0955 to 1145 TTE speedboat to Sidangoli 30 min, can charter.
25 Wed Halmahara
26 Thu Halmahara speedboat from Sidangoli to TTE Wings 1350-1340 MDC land travel (5-6 hour) to Gunung Ambang with Samuel (?)
27 Fri Gunung Ambang w Samuel (?)
28 Sat Gunung Ambang to (5-6 hour) MDC Nam 1310-1415 LUW ferry to Salakan or less than daily to Tataba  Peleng w Pak Maleso
29 Sun Peleng
30 Mon Peleng ferry (?) to Luwuk 5 hour drive to Ampana full moon
1 Tue Ampana to Togian Is by speedboat  around 9am takes 90 min see http://infotogian.weebly.com/ try and prebook
2 Wed Togian Is
3 Thu Togian Is speedboat 9am takes 90 min Ampana 10 hour drive to Palu (there is a plane, but it departs around 1035am)
4 Fri Palu to Lore Lindu with Nurlin ?
5 Sat  Lore Lindu w Nurlin
6 Sun  Lore Lindu  to PLW Lion1455-1600 UPG Silk 1855-2140 SIN (Owl)
7 Mon SIN United 0845-0915 SFO United 1050-1237 PDX


Tangkoko: Minhassa, ochre bellied, spectacled
Sagihe: Sangihe scops
Halmahara" Halmahara boobook (barking owl also possible)
Gunung Ambang: Minhassa, cinnabar boobook and spectacled boobook
Peleng: Banggihi scops owl
Togian: Togian boobook, Ochre-bellied boobook and possible scops
Lore Lindu: Minhassa, ochre-bellied, Speckled and white spotted/cinnabar

An alternative route would be:

19 Thu work day PDX Alaska xx-xx SEA
20 Fri d130 Eva to Tapei
21 Sat Tapei to Jakarta Drive to Gunung Gede
22 Sun Gunung Gede
23 Mon Gunung Gede.
24 Early AM bus to Jakarta. Fly to MDC drive 5 hour Gunung Ambang
25 Wed Gunung Ambang
26 Thu Gunung Ambang to Tangkoko
27 Fri Tangkoko
28 Sat Tangkoko to MDC Lion Air 0700-0750 NAH Sangihe w Wesley ?
29 Tue NAH Lion Air 0815-0905 MDC Nam 1310-1415 LUW ferry to Salakan or less than daily to Tataba  Peleng w Pak Maleso
30 Sun Peleng
1 Mon Peleng ferry (?) to Luwuk 5 hour drive to Ampana full moon
2 Tue Ampana to Togian Is by speedboat  around 9am takes 90 min see http://infotogian.weebly.com/ try and prebook
3 Thu Togian Is speedboat 9am takes 90 min Ampana 10 hour drive to Palu (there is a plane, but it departs around 1035am)
4 Fri Palu to Lore Lindu with Nurlin ?
5 Sat  Lore Lindu w Nurlin
6 Sun  Lore Lindu
7 Mon Lore Lindu drive to Palu early 715am flight to Jakarta (ar 845am) Dep 1420 for PDX arr 2016 at PDX

Sulawesi Owls:
Sulawesi golden owl (recording)
Cinnabar hawk-owl (recording)
Orche-bellied hawk-owl (recording)
Speckled hawk-owl (recording)
"White spotted hawk owl" (recording-under cinnabar)

Peleng
Banggai scops (under Sula scops)

Sula Islands

Talibu masked owl (poor recording)
Sula scops owl (recording)













Birding on Taliabu & Mangole


Summary:

If you can figure out how to get here then there are a load of gripping endemics to be seen!

Key bird species:

Sula Scrubfowl, Meyer’s Goshawk, Sula Hanging Parrot, Moluccan King-parrot, Sula [Maroon-chinned] Fruit-dove, Taliabu Masked-owl, Sula [Moluccan] Scops Owl, Red-bellied [Sula] Pitta, Elegant Pitta, Slaty Cuckooshrike, Sula Cicadabird, Red-backed Thrush, Island Thrush, ‘Taliabu Bush Warbler’, ‘Taliabu Leaf Warbler’, Henna-tailed Jungle-flycatcher, Helmeted Myna, Bare-eyed Myna. Plus a host of endemic sub-species.

Birdwatching locations:

The eastern Sula island group is made up of three large islands: Taliabu, Mangole and Sanana. None of them have had many birdwatchers visit, largely because they are an adventure to get to! As a result they are still ripe for exploration. All three islands have seen extensive commercial logging over the last decades. While this has led to widespread degradation, it has at least left lots of logging tracks entering the forest.
In recent years the few birdwatchers that have been have focused on the area around the small town of Jorjoga on the north coast of Taliabu. From there it is around 5km south-east to a smaller village called Binadesa. This is near the edge of degraded forest and has access, via logging tracks, to forest at higher elevation (where camping is the only accommodation option).
Aside from this area, you could try almost anywhere. The largest region of intact forest is in the hilly interior of west-central Taliabu. This could, in theory, be accessed from pretty much any coastal village, including behind the larger town of Bobong. The best tactic is probably to travel around the coast asking people about the distance and routes to the good forest. These are notoriously difficult questions to get answers to, but if you ask in the right way you should eventually make some progress! (what is the right way to ask? Anyway that avoids ‘yes’ or ‘no’ answers, as the answer to them is nearly always ‘yes’!). Mangole also has hill forest in its centre, while Sanana is probably the most heavily degraded of the three islands, and the only reason you might end up here is in the process of trying to get to Mangole or Taliabu.
When you have made it to the place, the birds that await include Sula Scrubfowl, Sula Hanging Parrot, Moluccan King-parrot, Maroon-chinned Fruit-dove, Taliabu Masked-owl (few recent records, mostly from degraded lowlands, but also to 900m), Sula Scops Owl, Red-bellied (Sula) Pitta, Elegant Pitta, Slaty Cuckooshrike, Sula Cicadabird, Red-backed Thrush (lowlands), Henna-tailed Jungle-flycatcher, Helmeted and Bare-eyed Myna (the latter commoner in the lowlands, often in degraded habitat). The highest regions of the island also support an endemic form of Island Thrush, an undescribed Bush-warbler, and an undescribed Leaf-warbler!

Access and Accommodation:

Tailabu, Mangole and Sanana are not easy to get to, even by the standards of Maluku. There is an airport on Sanana (you can see it!) but at time of writing no scheduled airlines appear to fly to it. This could change, with Ternate and Ambon being the likely origin. Beyond that, your options are limited to boats. Assuming you don’t have the money for an expensive charter (in which case you can go where you like, when you like) then your options are limited to infrequent public boats, operating to mysterious timetables. Boat routes that appear to exist include from Peleng/Banggai (possibly even starting in Luwuk?) to Bobong; Ambon to Sanana; Sanana to Mangole(Mangole town? Dofa?) and Taliabu (Bobong? Loseng?); Ternate, via Bacan to Taliabu (Bobong?). If the weather is rough at the time you plan to visit, it might well be an idea to consider going somewhere else instead. Small boats plying the local routes are prone to sinking. Apparently the strait between Mangole and Taliabu islands has the world’s second biggest whirlpool…
To find info on boat timetables you can try Pelni’s website (for big boats) but for any other company there is probably little alternative than to get yourself to the relevant port of origin and ask there. You should then be prepared to wait anything from hours to weeks for the next scheduled service.
Once on Taliabu or Mangole then there is a reasonable network of coastal roads, or you could take to a smaller boat and get around that way. Just ask in one village how you get to the next!
For accommodation there are basic places to stay in some of the bigger towns (particularly the port towns) but outside of that you should be reporting to the Village Head (Kepala Desa) on arrival and so can ask them for assistance in finding somewhere suitable to stay. If you visit active logging concessions you should also report to the site manager, and get permission to enter.

Sangihe

(Can fly from Manado)
Sangihe scops owl (recording)
The standard ‘slow’ boats all run at night, and separate boats serve each island. They usually depart three times a week, going out one night and coming back the next, and take Sunday off. By the slow boat from Manado it is around 6-7 hours to Siau, 8-10 hours to Sangihe, 12-14 hours to Talaud. The boats are comfortable, if you can get yourself one of the top deck cabins, and are generally pretty sea-worthy! On Talaud it is most easy to get off the boat as soon as it lands on the mainland at Melonguane, and then take a ojek north to the town of Beo which is the best base. The boat makes the journey too, but it will take you several hours longer to get there. Repeat this trick in reverse when it is time to leave to save yourself some more time.
There is also a ‘fast’ boat to Sangihe (that sometimes stops in Siau on the way). This also runs three times a week, but travels by day. The boat has pretty comfortable airplane style seats, and cuts the journey to Sangihe down to about 6-7 hours.
Unfortunately getting boats from one island to the next is pretty unreliable. You could ask around in the relevant ports for information on boats that may be available, but it is safer to expect to have to return to Manado each time and take the normal routes. To get find out the latest boat schedules, to book a ticket, and to get on a boat, head to the docks in Manado. The ticket offices are along the street opposite the ‘Hotel Celebes’, and the boats themselves board from just behind the offices. You are unlikely to need to book in advance, unless you are planning to travel during a holiday period (like Christmas or Easter).
Scheduled flights to Sangihe and Talaud seem to come and go. The airline most likely to run the routes is ‘Wings’, a subsidiary of Lion Air. You’d need to ask a travel agent or at the airport in Manado to find out what is on offer at the time of your visit. If flights are running, they are not usually daily, so the overnight boats still present the easiest way of getting to the islands.
For Sangihe there are several basic hotels in Tahuna, but a better base is in the village of Lelipang at the Rainbow Losmen. This is also the place to hook up with the best local guide, Wesley Pangimangen (+6281523847827; Wesley_rainbow@yahoo.co.id), who can show you around and show you all the birds.

Togian Is
(Boat From Luwuk)
Togian hawk owl (recording)

Peleng
(Boat From Luwuk)
Banggai Scops (Under Sula scops on Xeno-canto)














Birding on Peleng & Banggai


The Banggai Archipelago lies off the eastern side of Sulawesi and is dominated by the large island of Peleng, and the smaller island of Banggai. The islands are very interesting for birding, sharing characteristics with both Sulawesi and the Sula Islands to the east, as well as holding its own specialities such as Banggai Crow.

Birding these island means making your own way around and doing some exploring. A couple of sites are known quite well, but there are definitely more interesting places still to be found.
Around Salakan
Around the capital ‘city’ of Salakan are extensive areas of degraded lowland forest, interspersed with agriculture. Access to these forest areas is possible from the main roads north and south of town. Just look for anywhere interesting and dive in. One area that has been visited several times lies around 10km north, near the village of Kawalu where basic accommodation can also be arranged by the Village Head. Birds seen in this area have included Sula Scrubfowl, Ornate Lorikeet, Ivory-backed Woodswallow, Grosbeak Starling, Banggai Fruit-Dove, Sula Hanging-Parrot, Banggai [Moluccan] Scops-Owl, Ruddy Kingfisher, Red-bellied [Sula] Pitta, Red-and-Black Thrush, Henna-tailed Jungle-Flycatcher and Helmeted Myna
Tataba and Kokolomboi
To get to good condition hill and sub-montane forest you will have to travel to the west of the island, where the village of Tataba makes a good base. Walking inland (up!) from here takes you to the small village of Kokolomboi after around four hours walk. The trail passes from coastal agriculture through degraded mosaic forest, to intact forest on the hills and ridges. Birding can be productive along the whole route, but is excellent in the hill forest near the top. Birds seen here include Ornate Lorikeet, Ivory-backed Woodswallow, Banggai Fruit-Dove, Sula Hanging-Parrot, Moluccan King Parrot, Banggai [Moluccan] Scops-Owl, Red-bellied [Sula] Pitta, Slaty Cuckooshrike, Northern Golden Bulbul, Banggai Crow, Red-and-Black Thrush, ‘Peleng Leaf-Warbler’, Henna-tailed Jungle-Flycatcher, Rusty-bellied Fantail, Drab Whistler and Helmeted Myna
Elsewhere on Peleng
Further exploration of the South-West of South-east of the island could be rewarding. The coastal strip will usually be degraded, but venturing inland on foot will almost always access better habitat.
Banggai
The island that gave its name to the archipelago, and in turn the crow, generally receives far less attention from birders than its larger neighbour Peleng. However, it would still make for an interesting visit, rewarded with many of the same birds as Peleng and who knows what else…

Access and Accommodation:

Getting to Peleng is relatively straightforward from the Sulawesi town of Luwuk; now served by regular daily flights from Makassar (Merpati, Lion). From Luwuk you will then need to get to the port and try and catch a ferry to Peleng. These go most regularly overnight to Salakan, but some morning boats go direct to Tataba (but not every day it seems).
A road follows the coast on Peleng, so it is possible to drive, bus or motorbike your way between Salakan and Tataba (and beyond, if you desire). The birding sites around Salakan can also be reached by vehicle (a motorbike, most easily). To reach Kokolomboi from Tataba requires walking for a few hours.
For accommodation there are plenty of places in Luwuk (check a book like Lonely Planet). There are also simple hotels in Salakan. Outside of these places, including Kokolomboi and Kawalu) you should be reporting to the Village Head (Kepala Desa) and so can then ask for assistance in finding somewhere to stay. At time of writing Pak Maleso in Kokolomboi is able to assist birders visiting the village, and he can maybe be contacted by email at is ayubmaleso@yahoo.co.id. Another local, Pak Labi, can also assist those arriving in Tataba, and can be contacted (at time of writing) on +6281245450834



(also Siau scops (chocolate boobook occurs on Siau). Siau is about 8 hour ferry from Manado) and Kalidupa scops-doubt recordings exist)


Ethiopian stuff:


Measho Legesse haime2rs@yahoo.com
Abiy works as a free-lance guide for a number of different companies, and can also be contacted directly (abiybird@gmail.com)
Merid Gabremichael of Birding Abyssinia
Elias Bayou bayou_elias@yahoo.com (David's guide)

Melka Ghuba (Dawa River)

This site is on the way from Negele to Yabello and often visited shortly by visiting birders. We arrived somewhat late and had difficulties finding all targets. Hence we decided to spend an extra half day here. We camped in a backyard of one the shops in this small village. Again, the local people asked for entrance fee / tourist tax. Once arranged, people were most friendly and not obtrusive.

The stretch between Bulbul and Hudat offers some good acacia birding, but we concentrated on the area near Melka Ghuba. Next to a communication tower there is a dirt track (4.87067916617, 39.3172396084) that leads to the river (where people get their water). This area was very rewarding.

We also explored the classic site, being on the other side of the bridge. Just past the bridge there is a dirt track to the right (4.864287, 39.317107). We followed this to the end and wandered around in that area. Later on we tried our luck on the other side of the main road (left at the bridge) which worked out fine with a Pel's Fishing Owl as the surprise of the trip!

Highlights: Juba Weaver (2 birds near the river - 4.8698026, 39.307501), White-winged Collared Dove (easily heard and seen in the morning and evening, rather quiet during the heat of the day; later on we also found one bird in the next village), Yellow-vented Eremomela (after some searching we found up to 5 birds in the acacia scrub), Black-bellied Sunbird (on both days a few seen, 6 in total), Pel's Fishing Owl (a nice surprise! a single bird flushed from its day roost near the river - 4.8640351, 39.320298), Black-faced Sandgrouse (50+ flying overhead near the river), Magpie Starling (on both days, 7 birds in total),Shelley's Starling (daily good numbers), Somali Crombec (a single bird), Acacia Tit (a few).

Bishangari Lodge has african scops and wood owls
2017 Oman and Ethiopia
Jan Omani owl, (Pharaoh Eagle owl), Cape Eagle owl, African wood owl, African scops owl, Abyssinian owl (and Ethiopian little owl)

2017 Sulawesi
Sep-Oct Sulawesi golden owl, (Talibu masked owl), (Sula scops owl), Sangihe scops owl, (Togian hawk owl), Cinnabar hawk-owl, Orche-bellied hawk-owl and Speckled hawk-owl

2018 Palau and Philippines
Apr Palau owl, Mindoro Scops and Mindanao boobook

Japan and Palau for the endangered Blakiston's (while they have a regular location) and Palau owls. Philippines and either Taiwan or Malaysia/Thailand to pursue the missed Philippine owls.






1. PDX-Addis (approx $1800 return)
2. Addis to Bale Mountains (8hr) (Abyssinian owl, African scops, Mackinder's,  African wood)
3. Bale Mountains
4. Bale Mountains*
5. Bale Mountains to Addis (8hr). Addis to Awash** NP (3hr) (Ethiopian Little owl, African scops owl)
6. Awash NP
7. Awash NP
8. Awash to Addis (3hr). Addis to Mombasa (c250 via Nairobi), taxi to Sokoke (Sokoke scops, African wood owl, African barred owlet)
9. Sokoke
10. Malindi-Mombasa (2 hours by bus), Mombasa-Tanga 4 hours by bus
11. Tanga-Pemba fly $95 (daily afternoon) (Pemba scops owl)
12. Pemba-Tanga-Amani NR 4 hours by bus (Usumbara eagle owl, Sokoke scops and African wood owl)
13. Amani-Nairobi, 698km
14. rtn home


African scops, Spotted eagle and southern white-faced owl are also possible. (All occur at Tsavo East for example)

*Public Transportation (8 hours):

Buses leave from the Mercato bus station where you are advised to purchase your tickets the day before you plan to travel. Tickets can be purchased from the ticket windows located behind the bus parking lot. To locate the specific ticket window, listen for people calling for either Goba or Robe. Buses are divided into three levels, with Level 1 being the most comfortable, and Level 3 the least. Ticket prices reflect the level, but average around 150 Birr each way.

Buses are scheduled to leave at 6am although they don’t always leave on time. You are advised to arrive around an hour before departure. Buses stop for a brief lunch break. If your destination is Dinsho, you must call werage (rhymes with garage) once you have reached town, and the bus driver will stop to let you off. Dinsho is the first substantial town after passing through the mountains. The entrance to the park is at the top of the hill on the outer reaches of town.

Getting Around

Minibuses leave Dinsho from the center of the main road in town (unless it is a market day when larger buses pass through). There may be a wait, and a “broker” may put you on a list for when the minibus arrives to guarantee you a seat. They may ask for payment in return; 5 Birr is sufficient. Buses go to the Robe bus station, and from there other buses leave for Goba, Shashemene, Adaba, Agarfa, Dodola and further afield. Bus destinations are identified by attendants who call out names of towns and cities. Travel time between Robe and Dinsho is about 40 minutes, and between Robe and Goba only about 15 minutes.


If you are travelling with a lot of bags or large bags, they may be tied to the top of the vehicle and you may be charged a fee of 2-5 Birr per bag. When taking public transportation, it is strongly advised to start early in the day as schedules are highly unpredictable. Travel on large market days is usually much smoother as more buses are traveling between towns. Hitchhiking is not recommended.
** Little owl occurs between the campsite and the lodge
Madagascar and East Africa
1. PDX-Nairobi
2. Nairobi-Thompson Falls, 185km, (Mackinder's Eagle owl)
3. Thompson Falls-Lake Baringo, 157km,  (African scops owl and Spotted eagle owl)
4. Lake Baringo-Kakamega, 231km, (African wood owl, red-chested owlet and African grass owl)
5. Kakamega
6. Kakamega-Nairobi, 348km, Midday flight to Malindi, taxi to Sokoke (Sokoke scops, African wood owl, African barred owlet)
7. Sokoke
8. Malindi-Mombasa (2 hours by bus)
9. Mombasa-Tanga 4 hours by bus
10. Tanga-Pemba fly $95 (daily afternoon) (Pemba scops owl)
11. Pemba-Tanga-Amani NR 4 hours by bus (Usumbara eagle owl, Sokoke scops and African wood owl)
12. Amani-Nairobi, 698km
13-14Nairobi-PDX


Blakinson's fish owl
Mindoro Scops
Mindanao hawk-owl
Japanese scops owl
Oriental scops
Rykuyu Scops owl

.Pryer's scops
Rykuyu hawk owl
Northern boobook

Togakushi has Oriental and Japanese scops and northern boobook. To get there take a shinkasen (1 1/2 hr) from Tokoyo to Nagano, and then a frequent hourly bus to Togakushi.
Okinawa has Rykuyu scops, Pryer's scops and Rykuyu hawk owl. the two scops occur at Kin reservoir in the center of the island and the hawk owl and Pryer's scops occur at Kijoka in the north of the island. A rental car would be the best way to get around. Good info on Okinawa http://www.japanbirdwatching.com/regions/overview/Amami_and_Okinawa
Mt Halcon is the location for Mindoro scops.
PICOP is the location for Mindanao hawk owl.
Possibly could add Taiwan for Lanyu scops, himalayan wood owl, collared scops and Oriental scops (Dasyueshan Forest)

Highway 18 runs past Alishan up to the visitors centre (with increasing km markers). At the visitors1 PDX-MNL
2 MNL-Mt H
3 Mt H
4 Mt H-MNL-DAV
5 DAV-PICOP
6 PICOP
7 PICOP-DAV-MNL
8 MNL-TP-OK
9 OK
10 OK
11 OK-TOK-JAP ALP
12 JAP ALP
13 JAP ALP
14 JAP ALP-TOK-HOK
15 HOK
16 HOK-TOK-PDX

1 PDX-TPE
2 Tawny fish-owl
3 Mountain scops and Himalayan Tawny
4 Collared scops
5 Lanyu Scops
6 Lanyu Scops
7 TP-OK
8 OK
9 OK
10 OK-TOK-JAP ALP
11 JAP ALP
12 JAP ALP
13 JAP ALP-TOK-HOK
14 HOK
15 HOK-TOK-PDX

Highway 18 runs past Alishan up to the visitors centre (with increasing km markers). At the visitorscentre the road changes to Highway 21 (with decreasing km markers thereafter) as it winds its waydown into the Toroko Gorge. We had Mikado Pheasant (male) at km 94 on Highway 18 on twoconsecutive days (at 1600hrs) and we had two Chinese (Taiwan) Tawny Owls between km 91.5 and93.5 also on Highway 18 (bathing in puddles). We also had Chinese (Taiwan) Tawny Owls around thevisitors centre. 
Highway 18 runs past Alishan up to the visitors centre (with increasing km markers). At the visitorso and Mainland SE Asia in Jan or Feb 2015

Japanese scops owl
Blakinson's fish-owl
Singapore scops
Reddish Scops
White-fronted scops
Oriental bay owl
Collared scops
Brown fish owl
Oriental scops
Tawny fish owl

Rausu in NE Hokkaido has reliable Blakinson's fish owl. Best to fly from Tokyo to Kushiro, then rent a car and drive 4 hours to Rausu. (Or take a bus).
Sime Forest, Bukit Timah, Alexandra Hill, Bukit Brown, Palau Ubin, Sungei Buloh, Bukit Batok and Pasir Ris in Singapore is a good location for Singapore Scops.
Panti forest reserve Oriental bay owl and reddish scops owl, near southern Malaysia. 21KM N of Kota Tinggni, which is 41 km north of Johor Bahru-about 2 hours from Singapore. From Johor Bahru it's possible to fly affordably via KL to BKK.
Or Taman Negara (Oriental scops Nov-Mar) or Negeri Sembilan (Malaysia) for Reddish scops owl. Taman Negara-4 hour from JB to KL, 4 hour from KL to Jerantut.
Krabi occasionally has brown fish owl
Kaeng Krachan (West Thailand) has bay owl, white-fronted scops, oriental scops, collared scops. Also has brown fish owl-but probably not easy. Hourly buses to Phetchaburi (2hours), from Bangkok then 52km to park, takes about 2 hours.
Khao Yai has brown fish owl and collared scops
Nam Nao national park (Central Thailand) brown fish owl. Three daily flights from Bankok to Khon Kaen, or 6-7 hour by bus or 8 hours by train. Hours buses to the park (2 1/2 hours).
Preng Veng, Cambodia has brown fish owl and collared scops owl
Nam Bai Cat Tien national park, just north of Saigon has brown fish owl. Best to reserve accomodation and avoid weekends and holidays. Take a Dalat bound bus and get off at Park entrance, then 24km by bike. Total time from HCMC c 4hours. A visa is required to enter Vietnam.



Note fly into Tokyo. Fly from Tokyo return to Hokkaido. Then fly Tokyo to Singapore, travel overland to Saigon, then fly from Saigon to Tokyo. This trip works best if can purchase discount tickets between Tokyo and SE Asia.

pdx-Quito $650
Mindo for cloud forest pygmy
Near Quito for Andean pygmy
Amazon for Northern tawny bellied
fly Quito to Galapagos for $450, plus $100 permit for Galapagos barn and short-eared owl
Fly Quito to Guatemala for Guatemalan pygmy $720